What is anorexia?
Anorexia nervosa is an Eating Disorder (ED) characterized by restriction of energy intake in relation to needs. It leads to a significantly low body weight. It is related to an intense fear of gaining weight and alteration in the way one perceives one’s own weight. Moreover, the recognition of the seriousness of current low body weight is frequently diminished.
There are two main types of anorexia:
- restrictive type, where over the past three months the person has lost weight through eating less, not eating, or intense exercise
- binge-purging type, where over the past three months the person has lost weight through binging and purging episodes (i.e., self-induced vomiting or misuse of laxatives, diuretics, or enemas).
What is beyond the eating behavior?
Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder (ED), but above all it is a difficulty in managing emotions. We associate anorexia with extreme thinness. However, from a psychological point of view, it as an attempt to use the body to manage emotions. People with this disorder are often perfectionists. They try to compensate for their feelings of vulnerability through achieving perfection and feeling valid.
The excessive worry about the body image in our society does not help to have a healthy relationship with their body. Treated as an object, that is, without being taken into account, we learn not to respect our body and use it as a tool to please others.
We are a therapy clinic in Barcelona specialized in treating Eating Disorders. Our treatments are based on relational psychodynamic approach and mentalization based therapy. The effectiveness of such treatments has a strong scientific base.
Psychotherapy for anorexia
The therapy for anorexia focuses on:
- helping people to learn to manage their emotions
- to treat themselves in a different way
- to take themselves into account
- to help them improve their self-esteem
- to learn to relate in a different, more rewarding way with others
Our treatments for bulimia are complete, multidisciplinary and from the Mentalization Based Therapy perspective. This approach has proved to have a strong scientific base and to be effective in Eating Disorders.
Moreover, we offer support from a nutritionist, specialized in treating Eating Disorders, and of a medical doctor, who collaborate with the team of therapists and take care of the somatic symptoms related to Eating Disorders.
And finally, there is a group program on mindful eating led by both a therapist and a medical doctor.